Read about why and how EU citizens obtain temporary residency in the Czech Republic in this comprehensive guide for expats
9 Reasons for EU Citizens to Get Czech Temporary Residency
Temporary Residency for EU Citizens in the Czech Republic is also known as the Czech Residency Certificate, or, officially, the Registration Certificate for EU Citizens.
While EU citizens aren’t obligated by law to obtain residency or possess a visa, temporary residency does have its advantages. For one, temporary residency permits for EU citizens are issued for 10 years. Then, it’s also possible to exchange temporary residency for permanent residency after 5 years in the Czech Republic.
Czech temporary residency provides permit holders with mostly the same rights as Czech citizens. There are some exceptions, such as not possessing the right to vote or serve in the Czech military. Nonetheless, provisions include access to Czech banks, tax identification, parental allowance, sponsorship of non-EU partners and more.
Often, expats from within the EU might confuse temporary residency with their registration at the Foreign Police. These are two entirely different things, however. For anybody residing in the Czech Republic longer than 3 days, registering with the Czech Foreign Police is mandatory. It does not grant any rights, nor does it count as proof of residency, unlike temporary residency.
Let’s dispel any confusion now, shall we? Read on for more. This post covers why & how to get Czech temporary residency for EU citizens, starting first with the advantages.
1 - Vehicle registration and parking
For vehicle registration in the Czech Republic, it is mandatory that the car owner holds a residency permit. The same is true to get Czech auto insurance, which is often more affordable than foreign providers.
Temporary residency also provides permit holders access to parking permits in the Czech Republic. In fact, it is the only proof authorities will accept, just like for vehicle registration and Czech insurance providers. The residency permit allows holders to prove both their eligibility for insurance and their district of residency for parking.
2 - Proof of residency for fiscal parental allowance
Secondly, if an EU citizen wants to get fiscal parental allowance in the Czech Republic, Czech residency is necessary. This is so Social Security and the Labour Office can ensure the parents are not claiming benefits in multiple countries.
In order to get Czech parental allowance, the parents must prove they live only in the Czech Republic. A temporary residence permit is one of the ways to prove this to authorities, and thus obtain parental benefits.
3 - Bank accounts, mortgage rates, and leasing rates
With a Residency / Registration Certificate, EU citizens also get easier access to Czech banking. For example, the Czech National Bank has many restrictions for opening accounts due to KYC compliance and anti-money laundering laws. These restrictions make it so that most Czech banks now ask even EU citizens for proof of at least temporary residency.
Another advantage to temporary residency is that with access to Czech banks, most offer lower interest rates for mortgages and leasing. This is because banks consider residency permit holders as lower risks than someone who only holds an EU passport.
4 - Czech Tax ID, Social Security, and Czech Birth Numbers
The Registration Certificate for EU citizens also grants the permit holder access to a Czech Identification Number (Rodné číslo). In effect, this number is like a Czech Birth Number. When generated, authorities can then update tax and social security evidence with this ID number.
5 - Apply for a Non-EU Visa directly in Prague
EU citizens also get temporary residency to make it easier to apply for a visa to a non-EU country. This is because many embassies in the Czech Republic now ask for proof of Czech residency when applying for a visa. As a resident, there’s assurance that everything can be accomplished directly in Prague. There is no worry about having to travel outside of the country
6 - Easily arrange a Certificate of Tax Residency
Now, let’s talk about taxation. A number of countries have double taxation. However, many also have a bilateral agreement with the Czech Republic. This agreement allows foreign workers to avoid paying taxes in both the Czech Republic and their home country.
Although foreign countries with this agreement may ask for proof, Financial Tax Offices can issue an official Tax Residency Certificate. This certificate proves tax status over the duration the person has been living and working in the Czech Republic.
It is also easier to get this Tax Residency when the person applying holds a residency permit covering that period of time. This makes it easier for offices to confirm the status of the applicant, and to issue the Tax Residency Certificate.
7 - Upgrade from Temporary to Permanent Residency after 5 years
The next considerable advantage to temporary residency is it paves the way for permanent residency after 5 years. As an EU citizen, it’s possible to obtain permanent residency after 5 continuous years of stay in the country. Permit holders get similar rights as Czech citizens, although without voting rights or the ability to serve in the Czech military.
A Czech temporary residency permit over the 5 years of stay makes it simple to prove the time spent in the country. Because of this, offices look more favorably on permit holders, and the application process in general is much smoother.
8 - Sponsor a non-EU spouse for a “Partnership Visa”
The Residence Permit for Family Members of EU Citizens extends to spouses and partners also residing in the Czech Republic. More oftenly called by its misnomer, the “Czech Partnership Visa”, this permit grants spouses of EU citizens rights in the country.
To sponsor a non-EU spouse or partner for this residence permit, the EU applicant must have a document of Czech residency. This is a requirement of Czech Immigration authorities, and is necessary to arrange the “partnership Visa”. Temporary or permanent residency is enough to officially prove the applicant’s status.
9 - Marriage arrangement and registering a child’s birth
Finally, for marriage arrangement or registering a child born in the Czech Republic, a residency permit makes it easier. With residency, either temporary or permanent, the permit holder is in the Czech Population Database. Authorities can easily confirm applicants’ status, and issue the relevant official documents.
What responsibilities come with a Czech temporary residency?
Along with residency, permit holders are responsible for reporting to the MOI any changes to their residency status. Changes in status include things like registering a new address after moving, which must be done within 30 days. If it’s reporting things such as renewed passports or changes in marital status, MOI should be notified within 15 days.
Get assistance applying for residency or reporting changes?
Why not get help from the everything-expat experts? At Pexpats, not only do we have answers to anything about the process, we can help arrange everything for you. We manage the entire process under power of attorney and completely remotely for our clients. From reporting changes to MOI, or handling the entire Czech temporary residency process, we’re here to help!