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Czech Trade license of freelancer and information about taxes

The Czech trade license of a freelancer is the business status of a self-employed person with the ability to do several business activities. The person with a trade license will have a registered tax number and the same rights as the company registered in the Czech Republic.

There are 80 common activities that fall under one trade license. These activities don’t require any special education or university degrees.  The most common activities for our clients include graphic design, IT and general consulting, foreign language teacher, sales, photography services, and event organizer. The trade license holder can participate in all 80 activities under one trade license and under tax number.

The most important conditions of obtaining the trade license are a criminal clearance report from the home country if the foreigner doesn’t have permanent residency in the Czech Republic. The full registration process takes 7 days.

Criminal clearance report

EU citizens

A criminal clearance report or temporary residency are not required for EU citizens.

British Citizens after Brexit

After Brexit, British citizens are considering as third-country nationals, and for obtaining the Trade license in the Czech Republic you must obtain a Criminal Clearance Report from the UK. You can apply online here.

US citizens

A criminal clearance report form doesn’t exist in the US. So US citizens must provide an affidavit confirming you have not committed any crime. This is an affidavit that must be signed at the US embassy. Make an appointment online to visit the US embassy in the Czech Republic. They will provide the proper form to fill out and sign in person. The charge is 50 USD – https://cz.usembassy.gov/. For those who are still in the US, arrange an affidavit form at the nearest Czech embassy.

Canadian citizens

A Canadian criminal clearance report should be translated into the Czech language. Here is a list of official translators in Canada (Link) and it should have a super legalization stamp at the Czech embassy. Please check the link. For Canadians who are already living in the Czech Republic, please contact the Canadian embassy.

Citizens of Australia, Brazil, and South Africa

Criminal clearance reports should be translated into the Czech language and must have an Apostille stamp. Legal translations can be done for an additional fee in Prague.

Consent with the business address

Each trade license holder should have a business address. Renting an office is not necessary. It can be a so-called virtual or remote office. For those who already rent an apartment, the home address can be used as the business address. Ask permission from the landlord. Download the form which the landlord should sign here: Consent with business address It is convenient and free, but most owners in Prague don’t want to give permission. Additionally, we can offer business addresses from our virtual business provider for 6.300 CZK per year.

Social Tax and Health Insurance

EU citizens are registered at public health insurance and social tax after registration and activation of trade licenses. Other nationalities’ trade license is activated and registered at social tax after they collect their Czech visas at the Czech embassy. Since May 2016, US citizens must be registered with public health insurance. Other Non-EU nationalities should buy commercial health insurance according to the future period of stay. We are an official commercial health insurance provider of AXA.

Since 1.1.2015 maximum amount for health insurance was canceled and there is no maximum amount limit for Czech insurance from the Czech trade license income.
Social Tax for trade license holders is 2.588 CZK monthly which is minimum and it’s only for the first year. Public health insurance of VZP for trade license holders is a minimum of 2.352 CZK monthly, also only for the first year. You might pay a difference after the calculation of your final income for the previous year. The final calculation comes from your monthly clean income.  Social Security tax 29.2%, from the net and taxable income. Health insurance 13.5% from the net and taxable income.

Social security tax has a limit and is taxable up to 1.701.100 CZK clean income. Over this amount of income, social security is not taxable.

Czech flat tax from 2021

The Czech financial tax offices came with a new solution from 2021. From 1.1.2021 The Czech trade license holders can use method Czech flat tax amount of 5.469 CZK monthly
Monthly Czech flat tax amount 5.469 CZK covers the health insurance, social tax and income tax, and no tax paperwork.
Only the condition of using the method Czech flat tax is the annual income amount should be less than 1.000.000 CZK.

Income tax or Annual tax report

Income tax for trade license holders is fair. The Czech trade license holders can choose various types of tax options. Income tax is 15% of net income and there is a 27.840 CZK tax discount. The Income-tax will be 23% for the amount over 1.695.168 CZK. Method 60/40 is the most common. The collection of payment receipts or invoices from  expenses is not necessary It means a fixed  60% cost allowance and a 40% income. For example, if the total gross income for last year was 300.000 CZK, then 300.000 – 60% cost allowance( fixed expenses) = 120.000 clean income. 15% tax will be paid from 120.000 which means 120.000 - 15%= 18.000 (tax amount) - 27.840 (tax discount) = 0 CZK (final tax amount). It is not possible to use Method 60/40 if your income is higher than 2 million.
In this example, taxes will not be paid. This method is convenient and the best solution for EU citizens and EU family members(partner visa) We don’t recommend this method for other nationalities who need to renew their visas or residency permits in the future because income proof is required if they don’t have at least 500.000 CZK.  For the situation and calculation which was used above, other nationalities should use the method tax from the full amount for avoiding visa renewal rejections due to insufficient funds.
Please check more information about income proof calculation of MOI offices here.

Our services and fees are as follows:
Our complete service fee is 9.450 CZK.
It includes:

Trade license registration including registration fees
Trade license activation
Registration with the financial tax office
Registration with the social tax office
Registration with Public health insurance
Non-EU and non-US clients may have translation fees of criminal reports Trade license for Third-country nationalities has expiration dates.

Please check the service page for more information!

Additional information about taxes:

Solidarity tax

Czech Solidarity tax starts from 1.672.080 CZK. If your income is 2 million, you will additionally pay 7% from 327.920 CZK (2 million – 1.672.080 million).  You will become a VAT payer if your income (money you receive) is over 1 million in the last 12 months.
Solidarity tax was canceled from 01.01.2021.

Income tax 2021

The income tax amount is increased to 23% for the income above 1.695.168 CZK
For example, Your income is 2.000.000 CZK and your Czech income tax from freelancing would be the following. 2.000.000 CZK - 1.695.168 CZK= 304.832 CZK
1.695.168 CZK - 15%= 254.275 CZK
304.832- 23% = 70.111 CZK
So total amount of income tax from 2.000.000 CZK is 324.386 CZK (254.275 CZK +70.111 CZK)

Tax relief

Czech tax relief brings many advantages for freelancers who are students or have families.
Annual tax relief of freelancer - 27.840 CZK.

First child - 15.204 CZK;
Second child -19.404 CZK;
Third and next child - 24.204 CZK.

Unemployed spouse - 24.840 CZK.

Student - 4.200 CZK.

Tax reliefs are applicable if the freelancer's annual clean income is over 91.200 CZK.


You will become a VAT payer if your income exceeds 1 million in the last 12 consecutive months.

Light VAT

Light VAT is needed if you invoice EU registered companies that are registered out of the Czech Republic. You should apply light VAT statements monthly. Please contact us for the accounting service packages.

Contact us and we will help you to understand the tax system in the Czech Republic!

Czech online tax calculator

Now you have an opportunity to monitor your finances by using our Czech Tax calculator. Check it below.

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